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|Title: ||Transport of Nitrogen and Phosphorus from Rhode River watersheds during storm events|
|Authors: ||Correll, David L.|
Jordan, Thomas E.
Weller, Donald E.
|Issue Date: ||1999|
|Citation: ||Water Resources Research, 35(8): 2513-2521|
|Abstract: ||Abstract. We studied storm discharges of nitrate, and dissolved and particulate forms of ammonium, organic-N, phosphate, and organic-P from four adjacent small watersheds of differing land use on the Atlantic Coastal Plain in Maryland. We used V-notch weirs and automated storm samplers to measure discharges and collect samples at flow intervals during 76 storms. The watershed aquifers are perched on an impervious clay layer slightly above sea level, so that combined groundwater and surface water discharges were measured at the weirs. The concentrations of particulate forms of organic-N (PON), organic-P (POP), and inorganic-P (PPi) increased up to three orders of magnitude during storm events and usually peaked prior to the peak water discharge, while concentrations of dissolved forms of organic-N (DON), organic-P (DOP), inorganic-P (DPi), and nitrate did not change very much. Dissolved and particulate ammonium (DNH4 and PNH4) concentrations increased up to five-fold in storm events, but remained low compared to other N-forms. The watershed with the most cropland discharged the the highest concentrations of total-N, PON, DNH4, nitrate, POP, and PPi. A forested watershed discharged the highest concentrations of DON, PNH4, and DOP. The watershed with the most grazed land discharged the highest concentration of DPi. PON and POP were the dominant forms of N and P in storm discharges from all watersheds. Concentrations of nitrogen were higher in spring and summer storms than in winter storms, but phosphorus concentrations were much higher in the summer storms than in spring or winter. The concentrations of PPi , POP, PON, DNH4, and PNH4 increased significantly with peak water discharge among storms, while concentrations of DPi, DOP, DON, and nitrate were not correlated with peak discharge. The ratios of TN/TP and TIN/TIP declined significantly with peak water discharge among storms.|
|Appears in Collections:||SERC Staff Publications|
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