Smithsonian Digital Repository >
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center >
SERC Staff Publications >
|Title: ||Will rising CO2 protect plants from the mid-day sun? A study of photoinhibition of Quercus myrtifolia in a scrub oak community in two seasons|
|Authors: ||Hymus, G. J.|
Baker, N. R.
Drake, Bert G.
Long, S. P.
|Issue Date: ||2001|
|Citation: ||Plant, Cell and Environment, 24: 1361-1368|
|Abstract: ||Over a large part of the photoperiod, light energy absorbed by upper canopy leaves saturates photosynthesis and exceeds the energetic requirements for light-saturated linear electron flow through photosystem II (JPSII), so that photoinhibition results. From a theoretical consideration of the response of light-saturated photosynthesis to elevated atmospheric CO2 partial pressure (pCO2) it may be predicted that, where light-saturated photosynthesis is Rubisco-limited, an increase in pCO2 will stimulate JPSII. Therefore, the proportion of absorbed quanta dissipated photochemically will increase and the potential for photoinhibition of photosynthesis will decrease. This was tested by measuring modulated chlorophyll a fluorescence from Quercus myrtifolia Willd. growing in the field in open-top chambers, at either current ambient or elevated (ambient + 35 Pa) pCO2 on Merritt Island, Florida, USA. During spring and summer, light-saturated photosynthesis at current ambient pCO2 was Rubisco-limited. Consistent with theoretical prediction, JPSII was increased and photoinhibition decreased by elevated pCO2 in spring. In the summer, when growth had largely ceased, an acclimatory decrease in the maximum Ribulose 1,5 bisphosphate saturated carboxylation capacity (Vc max) removed the stimulation of JPSII seen in the spring, and photoinhibition was increased in elevated pCO2. It is concluded that, for Q. myrtifolia growing in the field, the effects of elevated pCO2 on JPSII and photoinhibition will reflect seasonal differences in photosynthetic acclimation to elevated pCO2 in a predictable manner.|
|Appears in Collections:||SERC Staff Publications|
Items in DSpace may be protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.