Smithsonian Digital Repository >
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center >
SERC Staff Publications >
|Title: ||PAR transmittance in forest canopies determined using airborne laser altimetry and in-canopy quantum measurements|
|Authors: ||Parker, Geoffrey G.|
Lefsky, M. A.
Harding, D. J.
|Issue Date: ||2001|
|Citation: ||Remote Sensing of Environment, 76: 298-309|
|Abstract: ||The vertical distribution of light transmittance was derived from field and laser altimeter observations taken in the same canopies of five forests of several ages (young to mature) and canopy types (eastern broadleaved and western tall conifer). Vertical transmittances were derived remotely from the Scanning Lidar Imager of Canopies by Echo Recovery (SLICER) laser altimeter and in the field from measurements of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (PAR) made within the canopy using quantum sensors suspended from the gondola of a tower crane or atop small balloons. Derived numerical characteristics of mean transmittance profiles (the rate of attenuation, whole canopy transmittance, and the radiation-effective height) were similar for both methods across the sites. Measures of the variance and skewness of transmittance also showed similar patterns for corresponding heights between methods. The two methods exhibited greater correspondence in the eastern stands than in the western ones; differences in the interaction between canopy organization and the sensor characteristics between the stand types might explain this. The narrower, more isolated crowns of the western stands permit a deeper penetration into the canopy of nadir-directed laser light than of direct solar radiation from typical elevation angles. Transects of light transmittance in two stands demonstrate that the SLICER sensor can capture meaningful functional variation. Additionally, for one stand with numerous overlapping transects we constructed a three-dimensional view of the transmittance field. Using geostatistics, we demonstrated that the spatial covariance measured in the horizontal plane varied as a function of height. These results suggest a means to remotely assess an important functional characteristic of vegetation, providing a capacity for process-based ecological studies at large scales.|
|Appears in Collections:||SERC Staff Publications|
Items in DSpace may be protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.